Honorable James E. Seibert is a United States Magistrate Judge in United States District Court, Norther District of West Virginia. In the fall of 2015 Judge Seibert reached out to Weelunk.com Chief Editor and Writer, Steve Novotney, to share his frustration with our state’s current drug epidemic. Mr. Novotney encouraged Judge Seibert to send a letter to Weelunk.
To: Weelunk, c/o Steve Novotney
From: Jim Seibert
I was listening to your radio show recently and heard you talk about heroin and the murder in East Wheeling. The public facts about the murder were different from the drug murders of which I have knowledge. It will be interesting to see what the investigation reveals. More importantly, East Wheeling is no different from Wheeling generally or any other part of the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia as to heroin distribution.
My first knowledge of heroin in the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia came in July of 2003, when seven residents of Hancock County, W.Va., were indicted on charges relating to distribution of heroin. The indictment alleged the conspiracy began in the fall of 2001. Sometime after the indictment I was talking with Steve Herndon, a criminal defense lawyer, and saying heroin had arrived in the Northern Panhandle. Steve indicated that state criminal charges usually start about five years prior to federal charges being brought, and I was very late in learning of the arrival of heroin to the Northern Panhandle.
This first heroin case proceeded in the normal course. All seven defendants were sentenced to prison followed by terms of supervised release. All seven defendants served their prison terms. Upon release five completed their supervised release. Two of the defendants had their supervised release revoked and ultimately died of heroin overdoses at ages 23 and 25.
This first heroin case sticks in my mind because while it is not uncommon for people on supervised release for drug crimes to fail to complete their terms of supervised release and be sent to prison again, I have no recollection of overdose deaths in any drug case prior to that time, let alone two defendants in one case dying of overdoses.
As the number of heroin cases has increased over the years, so has the number of overdose deaths. The National Heroin Threat Assessment Summary has a graph showing heroin overdose deaths relatively steady at 2,000 per year from 1999 to 2007. Then it shows 3,000 heroin overdose deaths in 2008, 4,000 in 2011, and 8,000 in 2013. Imagine, if you would, the media claims of a crisis if breast cancer, prostate cancer or AIDS deaths doubled in three years and then doubled again in just two more years. I have read that West Virginia ranks number one per capita in overdose deaths in America, and that is even more alarming than it is sad.
Heroin defendants in federal court have different backgrounds from other drug defendants in federal court. Heroin defendants in federal court are usually from middle and upper socio-economic groups, relatively privileged circumstances, two-parent families (often the defendant’s biological parents) who took an active role in parenting, and dress and talk in the way that privileged people do. Or, as I say, they look like, dress like, and talk like my children and grandchildren.
Heroin appears to me to be the most difficult drug addiction to overcome.
If you are the parent or grandparent of a young person addicted to heroin, you know far better than I what I have written is true. If you are not the parent or grandparent of a young person addicted to heroin, you need to start talking with your children and grandchildren about heroin addiction. I do not have the professional qualifications to tell you what needs to be said to a child of any age, but I do know that if you are not talking with your children and grandchildren about heroin addiction, you increase that child’s or grandchild’s chance of experimenting with heroin. I also know that experimentation with heroin leads to addiction and death.
Finally, everyone in the community needs to get every organization to talk with young people about heroin addiction – schools, churches, bands, scouts, sports teams, drama clubs, and every other club or activity in which your children and grandchildren participate. I don’t know how to say it to be effective with different age children, but there have to be many professionals in our community that can educate us as to an appropriate way to talk with children of different ages about heroin addiction.
These are our children and grandchildren at risk.
As for schools, I realize what an incredible burden has been placed on teachers because some parents and grandparents do not do their jobs, and I realize teachers do not need any more roles to fill. I would say, though, that discussing substance abuse is far more important than the other burdens placed upon you except for teaching.
Finally, I would suggest for your consideration that the more fortunate economically you are, the more danger your children and grandchildren face.
I don’t know the answers. I do know there is a problem on which we all need to work.
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Feature Image by LeeRoy